Urbanization effect on Hyderabad seismic station

Seismographs record earthquakes and also record various types of noise, including anthropogenic noise. In the present study, we analyse the influence of the lockdown due to COVID-19 on the ground motion at CSIR-NGRI HYB Seismological Observatory, Hyderabad. We analyse the noise recorded a week before and after the implementation of lockdown by estimating the probability density function of seismic power spectral density and by constructing the daily spectrograms. We find that at low frequency (1 Hz), where the noise is typically dominated by naturally occurring microseismic noise, a reduction of *2 dB for secondary microseisms (7–3 s) and at higher frequency (1–10 Hz) a reduction of *6 dB was observed during the lockdown period. The reduction in higher frequencies corresponding to anthropogenic noise sources led to improving the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) by a factor of 2 which is the frequency bandwidth of the microearthquakes leading to the identification of microearthquakes with Ml around 3 from epi- central distances of 180 km.

Citation: S SHAHEENA PARVIN, D SRINAGESH, R VIJAYRAGHAVAN and V K GAHALAUT (2022) J. Earth Syst. Sci. (2022)131:93; https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-022-01830-3