Rajmahal Traps (RT) represents the earliest eruption from the Kerguelen hotspot activity over Indian Plate. The results of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) fabrics depict distribution anisotropy with the maximum susceptibility axes (Kmax) predominantly clustered NE-SW with plunge in NE. It infers that the feeder zone for RT was located in the NE quadrant of the volcanic province and along the Narmada-Son-Brahmaputra Transform (NSBT) fault. Present results further suggest that the NSBT system provide the major topographic control for the lava flow channel distribution in the Rajmahal province. It implies that the fracture zone was available during the lava emplacement, which records the earliest Kerguelen plume activity. Comparison between AMS fabrics and field topography suggests the distal horizontal magma flow and fissural mode in the absence of volcanic vent in the region, when the plume centre was located in the Comei-Cona region of Tibet.
The inferred lava flow directions for individual sites of RT. Arrows are indicating the lava flow directions for a particular site that mainly depict NE to SW direction. The thick and larger arrow indicates the predicted mean of the lava flow direction
M.R. Kapawar a, Venkateshwarlu Mamilla a, *, S.J. Sangode b
Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility study to locate the feeder zone and lava flow directions of the Rajmahal Traps (India): Implications to Kerguelen mantle plume interaction with Indian Plate