Geostatistical spatial projection of geophysical parameters for practical aquifer mapping

Dense data acquisition for 3-D high-resolution aquifer mapping through heliborne transient electromagnetic (HTEM) survey is continually not possible due to various technical and administrative constraints. Consequently, we apply ground geophysical surveys at possibly closer spacing to collect the sub-surface information in the no-fly area, which provides only a regional aquifer picture. In the area near Patna of Northern India, an extent of 18% was covered under the HTEM survey, and the rest was surveyed by ground geophysical methods. Both data are integrated using the theory of regionalized variables. The parameters of multi-aquifers i.e., top of the first aquifer, top of the separating clay layer, top and the bottom of second aquifer, are estimated together with their respective resistivities. The estimations are made at an interval of 250 m, practically an appropriate distance at which dense data generation was carried out using the HTEM survey. The integrated approach generates the data in the no-fly area with the same spatial density as the flown area. With this, we achieved the goal of completing the 3-D aquifer mapping of the entire area with dense data at high spatial resolution. This is a unique finding to manage the handicapped situation in this HTEM surveys, and an aide to overcome such constraints with cost-effectiveness.

Citation: Jagriti Dabas, Sarah Sarah, N. C. Mondal & Shakeel Ahmed (2022) Scientific Reports | (2022) 12:4641 | https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-08494-5 external link